the Riddle of origin of the ancient people, from our readers

Published: 11.1.2019
Cimmerians: riddle of origin of the ancient people

Cimmerians - the mysterious people which are mentioned in Ancient Greek and drevnevostochny sources take certain place in the history today.

Expansion of Cimmerians in the western part of Asia Minor lasted longer. It fell on time of board in Lydia of the tsar Ardis II - the first in the history of the statesman who began stamping of a coin of a certain weight and test. Ardis II from 678 to 644 BC was a co-governor of the father Giges, and later till 629 reigned independently. Just during this period Cimmerians attacked its state and seized its capital of Sardy. The imperial army managed to hold only a city acropolis. On east sources, Giges fell at Sarda's protection. Cimmerians managed in Lydia while the son Ardis Sadiatta (629-617) did not manage to expel them from the country. Soon after that Cimmerians completely disappeared from the historical horizon.

For example, the first Slavs bear a name of vened at antique authors and at the same time where Venice was founded later and also in the west of Gallia (France) there lived tribes of venet. The academician V.V. Sedov claimed that venetam (venedam) yet not divided Central European community from which Italians, Celts, Germans, Balts and Slavs were allocated subsequently was called (the last longer than others kept this ancient name); and veneta of the North of Italy and Gallia were evicted persons from this area too. In the same way the nevra mentioned by Herodotus in the west of Scythia could be related to the Celtic tribe nerviyev, or their self-name developed from one root (by the way, both that and others worshipped snakes and practiced a ritual oborotnichestvo).

Cimmerians were allocated during disintegration of the so-called srubny archaeological culture existing in the II millennium BC in a steppe strip from the Urals to Danube. In the "Odyssey" created in the 8th century BC the description of acquaintance of ancient Greeks to these people which live on an extreme border of the manned earth flashes. To Greeks of times of "Odyssey" it had to seem quite so.

According to Herodotus, the Scythians who came because of Volga attacked Cimmerians and forced them to leave native steppes. According to the legend, Cimmerians could not agree among themselves whether show resistance to Scythians or escape and look for new places for the settlement. This dispute led to a fratricidal war between Cimmerians in which lay down a great number of the people, generally the nobility who stood up for confrontation to Scythians. All fallen in this fatal fight, according to Herodotus, Cimmerians buried somewhere near the Dniester River (where at the time of Herodotus it was allegedly possible to see a barrow of Cimmerian tsars), and remained remained nothing how to leave the country. The outcome of the Cimmerians pursued by Scythians passed along the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus.

The geographical memory of Cimmerians remained with Greeks in the name of the Kerch Strait of that time - Bospor Kimmeriysky. They called some area Kimmeriya - apparently, it is the present Kerch Peninsula. Greeks considered that the whole country in which Scythians lived later Cimmerians owned before.

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Names of Cimmerians, cimbri and kimbr could also be heritage of yet not dismembered Indo-European community. Sometimes the self-name of the people for a long time endures that language in which it originally arose.


From the point of view of most of historians, Cimmerians were the iranoyazychny people, to related Scythians. But there are also alternative opinions. It agrees to one of them, Cimmerians treated Aryan community when it was not divided into the Iranian and Indo-Aryan branches yet.

The interesting mark was left by a name of Cimmerians in Russian. By means of an Alania "gimir" that meant "a giant, the giant", it passed into Russian in the word "idol" (the idol, an idol).

Also accord of a name of Cimmerians with cimbri - the people which intruded in the Roman power at the end of the 2nd century BC attracts attention. Cimbri are usually considered Germans. But here it is possible to point to distribution in the ancient time of the same names of the people in different territories. So, also kimbra - the tribe in ancient Britain are known. And it not necessarily could be coincidence of words on sounding.

At the end of the 8th century BC Cimmerians appear in the Middle East. In 714 BC they settle in a certain part of the state of Urartu, in the territory of modern Armenia. The Urartsky tsar of Rus I who tried to subordinate them suffered terrible defeat. After a while, at the end of the 7th century, Cimmerians moved to Assyria, Cappadocia and Phrygia - kingdoms in Asia Minor. Somewhere they lost battles, somewhere won victories. In Phrygia in fight they killed the tsar Midas - that to whom if to trust the myth, god Apollo for impudence and nonsense "presented" asinine ears. But in general this area was densely inhabited to Cimmerians, and they did not manage to be fixed strongly anywhere. In the second half of the 7th century BC they, obviously, were completely dissolved in local population, losing the identity.


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